The global call for justice for victims of wartime sexual violence around the world has recently gained international attention when the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to Nadia Murad and Denis Mukwege. For years (if not decades), activists, policy-makers and scholars around the world have worked tirelessly to ensure accountability for crimes of conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Important progress has been made, including at the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda (ICTR) and the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and more recently by the International Criminal Court (ICC), where prosecuting SGBV is among the Office of the Prosecutor’s (OTP) key strategic goals.
Over the past two decades, the international community has witnessed progressive developments regarding the judicial investigation and prosecution of crimes of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Generally, discussions on the topic suggest or assume that sexual (and gender-based) violence is something which mostly or exclusively concerns women and girls. Only recently, the issue of SGBV against men and boys has begun to be recognised. The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC), for example, does not restrict SGBV to women and girls only.